The Science Of Gemstones

Gemstone harboring rock is where all of intelligent life originally started

For thousands of years, people all over the planet have used gemstones and minerals in a variety of ways.

Some cultures, religions and times valued gems to prevent illness, misfortune, ward off evil – and to positively influence and uplift the human spirit.

Apart from their obvious beauty, gemstones in some cultures such as China and India, have a long heritage of healing power – albeit some stones far more than others, they all vibrate in harmony with earth’s and the universe’s energy frequencies, hence the many references to gemstones being healing stones.

However, RDL wishes to focus only on the chemical structure and gemology science aspect of stones, and their ability to uplift the human spirit due to their magnificence, energy and positive influence on a person’s mood – and NOT in their abilities to heal, as no study thus far could successfully determine if gemstones or crystals have any healing properties at all, and can only be ascribed to the placebo affect.

However, there is no doubt that – because gemstone’s energy vibrations are stable and humans’ energy vibration is not – certain gemstones that vibrate on a high frequency have the power to bring forth a calming, relaxing and centeredness effect to humans.

They emit radiation and positive energies that calm the mind and soothe the soul.

Humans are made of the same elements and chemical compounds as stars, rocks, gemstones and crystals – and the reason why some people feel so close to gemstones and value them so much.

To support this statement, in the documentary by Nova Life’s Rocky Start the evidence is clearly showing it.

In the beginning…

No one really knows how life arose on a once desolate young earth millions of years ago. But one thing is absolutely certain: life’s origin was a chemical event, sparked by air, water, amino acids and mineral containing rock.

A recent flurry of fascinating experiments revealed that minerals play a crucial part in the basic chemical reactions from which life must have arisen. So how could rocks, or the minerals that constitute them, have assisted the emergence of life? 


Minerals grow from simple molecules into an ordered structure through chemical reactions.

By the same token, all living organisms also owe their ability to grow and function to the hundreds of chemical reactions that take place inside cells.

It has the power to influence the human physique because rocks and humans contain the same biosignature. And because gemstones are the most pure forms of mineral compositions – they vibrate to a higher energy frequency and emanate different qualities.

Today scientists know of 5,000 plus mineral species, each one with a distinctive chemical composition and crystal structure with their biochemical properties lending them different vibration qualities that radiate certain frequencies.

Different stones depict various unique geometrical alignments, and the crystals contained in them resonating energy which freely flows through their geometrically aligned atoms.

Fusion + Friction

Just as fusion occurs when two light atoms bond together, or fuse, to make a heavier one, resulting in the total mass of the new atom being less than that of the two that formed it: the ‘missing’ mass is given off as energy, as described by Albert Einstein’s famous “E=mc2” equation.

It is said that when gemstones fuse with human skin – vibrational energy of both human and rock slows down. Because energy = mass x velocity.  

If the objects lose velocity without gaining mass, then they have to release some energy to keep the equation equal.

One way for them to release that energy is as heat – loose electrons shooting off into the air. You can feel this happen when you rub your hands together and they get warmer. In the same way the stones extract this energy from your body and release it into the air.

And through friction – between the skin and stone caused when they rub against each other – the electromagnetic attraction between these charged particles of the two touching surfaces, causing static and kinetic friction – cause all the atoms inside the materials to move, creating internal friction of energies… which is what gives the stones the power to have influence on human wellbeing.

“Everything is energy and that’s all there is to it. This is not philosophy. This is physics.”

-Albert Einstein

Gemstones have an energy vibration in resonance with humans.

Whatever frequency you’re at, as a human, your vibration is very unstable and very easily influenced. It changes constantly as you’re exposed to other people, situations, the news, traffic, the weather, good news, bad news, memories, etc.

Crystal formations, on the other hand, have a super stable energy frequency that doesn’t change. Why? They’re made up of a fixed, regularly repeating, perfect geometric pattern of molecules. And they maintain their perfect stability with no effort. Exactly the opposite of a human being’s constantly changing, non-stable nature.

More stable energy = more powerful energy. And powerful energy can influence the energies around it.  This is why gemstone crystals can so profoundly influence unstable (less powerful) energy.  

No matter how you define it for yourself or how you choose to enjoy your gemstones or whether you believe in their inherent energy or not – or if you wish to enjoy them for their outstanding beauty alone…

Aside from accumulating wealth, they are worth adding to your vault.

Gemstone Properties


In their classic book Gemology (Wiley, 1979), the mineralogists Cornelius Hurlbut of Harvard and George Switzer of the Smithsonian Institution claim, “Since there is no rigid set of criteria that separate gems of great value from those of less value, the term semiprecious should be abandoned and all gems referred to as precious.” 

However, since many people still divide gems between the two types, we offer here definitions of precious and semiprecious stones from The Glossary of Geology, 3rd Edition, published by the American Geological Institute:

Precious stone: “A gemstone that, owing to its beauty, rarity, durability, and hardness, has the highest commercial value and traditionally has enjoyed the highest esteem since antiquity; specifically, diamond, ruby, sapphire, and emerald (and sometimes pearl, opal, topaz, and chrysoberyl).”

Semiprecious stone: “Any gemstones other than a precious stone, or any gemstone of lower commercial value than a precious stone; specifically, a mineral that is less than 8 on the Mohs scale of hardness. A gemstone may also be regarded as semiprecious because of its comparative abundance, inferior brilliance, or unfamiliarity to the public, or owing to the whims of fashion. This arbitrary classification is misleading, as it does not recognize, for example, that a ruby of poor quality may be far less costly than a fine specimen of jadeite.”

Chemical composition

Gemstones have specific chemical compositions that serve to identify them. Diamond consists of carbon, for instance, while emerald is a beryllium aluminum silicate and peridot is a magnesium iron silicate. Some gemstones, such as jade, are aggregates of one or more minerals.

Crystal system

All crystalline minerals consist of atoms packed in geometric arrays; the arrays, called crystal structures, are divided into seven crystal systems based on the symmetry of their atomic geometries. 

Mineralogists distinguish among the different crystal systems by drawing imaginary lines called crystallographic axes between the points, joints, or planes of the crystals. These lines intersect in characteristic ways at a point within the crystal called the origin. 

Crystals in the cubic system, for example, have three crystallographic axes, all of equal length and all at right angles to one another. (Note that cube-shaped crystals are not the only kind in the cubic system; other shapes, including octahedrons and icositetrahedrons, also qualify, because they have crystallographic axes that meet the definition.)

The tetragonal crystal system also has three crystallographic axes at right angles to one another. However, while two of the axes are of equal length, the third is either shorter or longer. The bipyramid, for example, is an elongated octahedron.

The five other systems are hexagonal, trigonal, orthorhombic, monoclinic, and triclinic. 

Along with composition, crystal structure determines a mineral’s properties. It also influences what happens to light when it enters a mineral and where planes of weakness may lie, which helps gemcutters.


In 1822, the Austrian mineralogist Friedrich Mohs developed the Mohs scale, a standard scale using 10 familiar minerals against which all minerals are measured. A mineral will scratch all minerals of a lower number on the scale. 

The intervals between minerals on the scale are not uniform, however. For instance, the difference in hardness between diamond and sapphire is much greater than that between sapphire and topaz. 

Specific gravity

Specific gravity, a property that mineralogists use to identify minerals, is the number of times heavier a gemstone of any volume is than an equal volume of water.

That is, it is the ratio of the density of the gemstone to the density of water.


Gemstones gain their color from the way they affect light as it passes through them. Like a prism, a clear diamond splits incoming light into its constituent wavelengths, creating a pleasing rainbow of colors. Many other gems get their distinctive colors by absorbing one or more wavelengths, because of their chemical compositions. Rubies and sapphires, for example, are both varieties of the mineral corundum, identical in almost every respect. The difference lies in the trace amounts of other elements present. A dash of chromium makes a vivid red ruby; a bit of iron and titanium results in a deep blue sapphire.